Cradle to Cradle Islands


The project focused on the development of new and sustainable energy-related technologies and strategies on islands around the North Sea Region. C2CI developed and implemented the cradle-to-cradle (C2C) methodology for North Sea Region islands, i.e. designing intelligent products and materials that can be used over and over again and thus replace the concept of waste.

Three development clusters that focus on sustainable energy in relation to mobility, water and materialsl created relevant networks and delivered sustainable innovations for the islands' environments. Incubator centres on the partner islands fostered further development and implementation.

C2CI was also represented in the WaterCAP cluster.

01/01/2009 - 31/12/2012
2 - Promoting the Sustainable Management of our Environment
Area of Intervention
2.4 Promoting environmentally responsible energy production practices
ERDF Grant
1,905,547.00 €
ERDF Equivalent
67,286.00 €
Total Eligible Budget
4,035,380.00 €
Lead Beneficiary
Province of Fryslân, The Netherlands
J.H. van Meerendonk
Tel: +31 (0)58 292 54 02
Project Homepage
Beneficiaries per Country
The Netherlands
Province of Fryslân
Delft University of Technology
Wetsus Watertechnology
Municipality of Ameland
Municipality of Texel
Wetterskip Fryslân
University of Applied Sciences of Zeeland
United Kingdom
PURE Energy Centre
Shetland Islands Council
International Resources and Recycling Institute (IRRI)
EPEA Internationale Umweltforschung GmbH
Municipality of Spiekeroog
Insel- und Halligkonferenz (Region Uthlande)
OOWV, Oldenburgisch-Ostfriesischer Wasserverband
Aalborg University
Samsø Energiakademi (SEA)
Norddjurs Municipality (Island Anholt)
Lund University
The Municipality of Tjörn
Runde Environmental Centre
Storvagen Environmental Centre
Background and Aim

The overall aim was to make a substantial contribution to environmental sustainability and to stimulate economic profit of the North Sea Region by:

  • applying the 'cradle to cradle' concept to develop energy responsible and sustainable solutions for island environments
  • using islands as labs and testing grounds where research institutes and businessess can experiment with new technologies, so that innovation will be accelerated
  • developing networks of governmental organisations, knowledge institutions, companies and other relevant stakeholders to ensure long term transferability and dissemination of ideas and concepts.

The islands in the North Sea Region are facing many common problems: geographical isolation, a lack of local resources (energy, materials, water supply), high tourism pressure on resources and the environment by tourists, and declining populations. The new and revolutionary ‘cradle to cradle' (C2C) concept was applied to achieve energy efficient sustainable development as regards to the supply of energy, and the energy implications of water and materials on islands.

The C2C vision is a new way of thinking. We should stop making ‘less bad' products, and start designing intelligent products and materials, that can be used over and over again in biological or technical cycles.

The project considered the lack of resources on islands and strived to find sustainable strategies and solutions to meet these resource difficulties. New innovative techniques were required to sustain communities, many of which were suffering depopulation as a result of the well recognised spiral of decline, while others were failing to produce sustainable and resource efficient solutions to improving tourism activities.

By applying the C2C concept, islands associated with the worldwide trend for more sustainability, and they will profit from the economical chances this concept offers. At the same time, islands are excellent labs for experimenting with new technologies, thus being a catalyst for innovation. The outcomes can directly be applied on the islands themselves, but can also be transferred to the North Sea Region area as a whole and even far beyond.

  • A method of C2C (cradle to cradle) implementation
  • Three development clusters: Energy/mobility on ‘blue energy' to produce energy from water, Energy/water: sustainable supply of drinking water and Energy/materials: research centre on biopolymers
  • Incubator centres on partner islands

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